Savoir et connaitre

May 1, 2018 admin

Savoir/Connaître

“Savoir” and “connaître” both mean “To know” and students often use them interchangeably. This post will enable you to learn the present tense of both verbs and you will find out when to use “savoir” as opposed to “connaître”.

Savoir

Je sais I know
Tu sais you know
Il/elle/on sait he/she knows/we know
Nous savons we know
Vous savez  you know
Ils/elles savent they know

Connaître

Je connais I know
Tu connais you know
Il/elle/on connait he/she knows/we know
Nous connaissons we know
Vous connaissez you know
Ils/elles connaissant they know

 

Savoir

To know + question/interrogative expression

e.g.

  • où, pourquoi, qui, avec qui, quand etc.
  • tu sais où ils habitent?
  • savez-vous à quelle heure le train arrive?
  • sais-tu pourquoi Jean a dit ça?

Savoir + verb

“Knowing how to…”

e.g.

  • je sais danser
  • il sait nager
  • elle sait écrire

Savoir (on it’s own)

e.g.

  • tu sais qu’elle part en France?
  • oui, je sais.

Connaître

“To know” + people and places

It has the idea of being personally familiar with, of having experienced it yourself.

It is always followed by a noun.

e.g.

  • Tu connais Marie?

Do you know Marie?

  • Vous connaissez Londres?

Do you know London?

Meaning “Have you personally been here?”

 

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